Felician College is an independent co-educational Catholic/Franciscan College founded and sponsored by the Felician Sisters to educate a diverse population of students within the framework of a liberal arts tradition.  Its mission is to provide a full complement of learning experiences, reinforced with strong academic and student development programs designed to bring students to their highest potential and prepare them to meet the challenges of the new century with informed minds and understanding hearts.  The enduring purpose of Felician College is to promote a love for learning, a desire for God, self-knowledge, service to others, and respect for all creation.

The School of Arts and Sciences is committed to promoting the College’s Franciscan-Felician mission by providing an environment that fosters the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual development of our students. The Liberal Arts curriculum challenges students to explore creative ways of thinking within a broad scope of study that integrates intellectual traditions with essential values. Our diverse programs encourage students to become lifelong learners and compassionate contributors to the well-being of others throughout their lives.

The Art Program at Felician College produces artists with the skills, knowledge, and critical sensibility to effectively communicate ideas through individual forms of expression. Offering a variety of courses in Fine Art, Graphic Design, and Photography and New Media, the Department's objective is to emphasize the teaching of technique in concert with the critical study of different historical forms of art production, providing a life-long reference of cultural understanding.

Through a rigorous and dynamic curriculum, graduates of the Art Program will be able to implement a variety of creative skills and techniques, as well as produce a range of forms and styles; critique works of art based on their survey knowledge of major historical examples and schools of thought; recognize trends in contemporary cultural thinking; understand the importance of the arts in society; assess their personal strengths and interests; and create and present work suitable for exhibition and publication. Ultimately, graduates will be able to integrate and synthesize their skills, knowledge, and experience into a powerful career strategy.


3 credits, undergraduate, traditional
Fall 2015
F 10:00-12:30, Sammartino Hall 26

Michael J. Nyklewicz, M.A.
Associate Professor

Office Hours


Updated: 09/18/15


Few other inventions have created such an impact on the way we view ourselves as has photography. This course will trace the development of the photograph, from its 19th- century beginnings to its current manifestations, while also examining the issues it brings into question. Through field trips and weekly assignments, students will evaluate current images within an historical context, establishing a framework for analyzing images past and present. Prerequisites: none.

In this course, students will:

Geoffrey Batchen, Burning with Desire: The Conception of Photography, MIT Press, 1999




Week One (08/28)
What is a photograph?

Week Two (09/04)
The Inventors & The Pioneers: Niepce, Daguerre, Bayard, Talbot, Hill & Adamson


Week Three (09/11)
Time: Muybridge & Marey

Week Four (09/18)
Identity: Nadar, Cameron, & Hawarden

Week Five (09/25)
Memory: Robinson & Emerson

Week Six (10/02)
War: Fenton, Brady, O'Sullivan, & Gardner

Week Seven (10/09)
Place: Marville & DuCamp

Week Eight (10/16)
Westward Expansion: O'Sullivan & Jackson

Week Nine (10/23)
Into the 20th Century: Lartigue & Atget

Week Ten (10/30)

Week Eleven (11/06)
The Surrealists: Man Ray, Brassai, Bellmer, Cahun, Sommer, Kertesz, Cartier-Bresson, et al.

Week Twelve (11/13)
The Photo-Secession: Stieglitz, Steichen, & Strand

Week Thirteen (11/20)
Social Issues: Riis & Hine

Week Fourteen (11/27)
Thanksgiving Break - No class

Week Fifteen (12/04)
Meanwhile, in America: Adams, Weston & The FSA

Week Sixteen (12/11)
Final Research Paper Due



RESEARCH PAPER 16 pts. 12 pts. 8 pts.
Ideas are clearly defined with cogent arguments and well-chosen supporting material. Ideas are satisfactorily defined with adequate arguments and supporting materials.
Ideas are not clearly defined, lacking convincing arguments and appropriate supporting materials.
Paper is well organized, progressing from thesis to conclusion in a logical and understandable manner. Paper progresses from thesis to conclusion, but is poorly organized. Paper is unorganzied, lacking a clearly defined thesis and conclusion.
Interpretation of the research topic shows independent thought and creative ideas. Intepretation of the research project shows some creativity, but lacks in realization of ideas. Interpretation of the research topic does not go beyond the obvious.
Citations Accurate use of footnotes and bibliography, as verified by Turnitin. Somewhat accurate use of footnotes and bibliography, as verified by Turnitin. Improper use of footnotes and bibliography, as verified by Turnitin.
Spelling and grammar No mistakes. No points given otherwise. No points given otherwise.



Total percentage is 100, which is translated into a letter grade using the standards published in the Felician College Catalog.  There will be no grading “curve.”

Felician College operates on the 4.00 grading system and determines the academic standing of students according to the following scale:

Grade Description Numerical Equivalent Quality Points
A Outstanding 100-95 4.000
A- Excellent 94-90 3.670
B+ Very Good 89-87 3.333
B Good 86-83 3.000
B- Above Average 82-80 2.670
C+ Average 79-77 2.333
C Acceptable 76-70 2.000
D Poor 69-65 1.000
F Failure 64 or below 0.000
FA Failure due to non-attendance 64 or below